Select Your Destination

< Feature Stories >

High school program offers students college course enrollment

The Eaton Calendar - January 14

In 2019, six organizations were presented with a total of $2,500

C&N to Acquire Covenant Bank

Eleven employees recognized for a combined total of 100 years of service

Calm and cool-down communication

Join Lauren on a snow day adventure!

A beautiful property on 157 Shelmire Road

Small Business Saturday specials!

Give thanks to the Lord for He is good!

Tool of Thanks

Join us on December 7th for Dickens of a Christmas!

This vendor marketplace has something for everyone!

Penn Oak Realty presents: 65 East Avenue, Wellsboro

Pop into Pop’s Culture Shoppe in Wellsboro!

Tioga County honors our service men and women

This is excellent news for both buyers and sellers!


Creature Care: Vaccinations

Dr. Weiner's 3 things you should know about vaccines


by Pleasant Valley Veterinary Care - January 8, 2020

Vaccines for Dogs

What is a vaccine?
A vaccine is a preparation of either killed or altered microorganisms that is administered into the body. The vaccine stimulates the immune system to learn how to fight the microorganism so that if the microorganism is encountered in the future, the dog will either not get sick or will have less severe illness.

What is immunity?
Immunity is a complex series of defense mechanisms by which an animal is able to resist a disease or infection or, at least resist the harmful consequences of the infection. The main components of these defenses are the white blood cells. All infectious disease organisms (viruses, bacteria, protozoa, fungi, etc.) have components called antigens, and each organism has unique antigens. These antigens will cause white blood cells to respond by producing antibodies. These antibodies are responsible for defeating the organism and removing it from the body. Immunity has memory, so that future exposure to the same antigen results in a much more rapid response. This rapid response usually stops the new infection before it can cause serious illness in the individual. Such immune memory can fade with time, and sometimes quite rapidly, depending on the specific organism.

Immunity is not absolute. Immunity can sometimes be overwhelmed when there is exposure to a particularly harmful strain of the microorganism, or when the animal is unduly stressed or is immunosuppressed because of another disease or certain drugs.

What is the difference between a modified live vaccine and a killed vaccine?
In a modified-live or live-attenuated vaccine, the causative organism (virus, bacterium, etc.) has been weakened or altered so that it is no longer harmful or virulent, but is still capable of stimulating protective immunity when injected or otherwise administered.

With a killed vaccine, the causative organism has been killed or inactivated to render it harmless. Killed vaccines often need a helper or adjuvant included in the vaccine to stimulate a long-lasting immune response. Both have advantages and disadvantages.

The choice of which vaccine is better for your dog will depend on its individual circumstances. Your veterinarian will consider these circumstances when choosing the appropriate vaccine for your pet.

Why are vaccines administered by injection?
Some vaccines are given locally, for example into the nose, but most require injection so that the maximum stimulation of the immune system is achieved. Some vaccines are injected subcutaneously or just under the skin, others are injected into the muscles or intramuscularly.

To learn more, you can read the entire PDF about dog vaccinations, click here.
Vaccines for Cats

Recent advances in veterinary medical science have resulted in an increase in vaccines available for cats. Improvements are continuously being made in vaccine safety and effectiveness. Veterinarians routinely recommend certain vaccines for all cats (called core vaccines) whereas others are used more selectively according to the cat’s environment and lifestyle.

In all cases, decisions regarding the vaccine types and vaccine schedules that are best for each cat require professional advice. At this time, core vaccines, as recommended by the American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP) for all kittens and cats, include the following:
1. Feline panleukopenia (FPL) also known as feline infectious enteritis or feline distemper, caused by FPL
virus or feline parvovirus (FPLV).
2. Feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR), also known as herpes virus type 1 (FHV-1) caused by FVR virus.
3. Feline caliciviral disease caused by various strains of feline caliciviruses (FCV).
4. Rabies caused by rabies virus

Non-core (discretionary, or optional vaccines), as recommended by the AAFP for kittens and cats with a risk of exposure to specific diseases:
1. Feline chlamydiosis caused by Chlamydophila felis infection.
2. Feline leukemia disease complex caused by feline leukemia virus (FeLV).
3. Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) caused by FIP virus or feline coronavirus.
4. Bordetellosis caused by the bacterium Bordetella bronchiseptica

Vaccines that are not recommended by the AAFP, but that may be appropriate under certain conditions include the following:
1. Giardiasis caused by the protozoan parasite Giardia lamblia
2. Ringworm

When should my kitten be vaccinated?
Generally, kittens are vaccinated for the first time at between six and eight weeks of age and booster doses are given at ten to twelve weeks and again at fourteen to sixteen weeks. A kitten will not be fully protected until seven to ten days after the second vaccination. Under specific circumstances, your veterinarian may advise an alternative regime (see handout “Recommendations for New Kitten Owners” for further information on vaccines in kittens).

To learn more, you can read the entire PDF about cat vaccinations, click here.

This client information sheet is based on material written by: Ernest Ward, DVM; Rania Gollakner, BS DVM © Copyright 2018 LifeLearn Inc. Used and/or modified with permission under license.


Videography: Andrew Moore

Video Editing: Andrew Moore

Anchor: Sara Vogt, Dr John Weiner


Produced by Vogt Media

Funded by Pleasant Valley Veterinary Care

< Current Stories >


See More Current Stories


High school program offers students college course enrollment

January 17, 2020


Local students perform Disney fantasy musical favorite

January 16, 2020


Take a step back in time at this historic Victorian inn

January 15, 2020


The Eaton Calendar - Update

January 14, 2020


Momentum Music Services celebrates 15 year anniversary!

January 14, 2020


Exercise Happier, Not Harder!

January 13, 2020


A week of Home Page Network feature highlights!

January 11-12, 2020


This Tudor-style on 25 Bacon St. has many surprises!

December 24, 2019


Wellsboro turns 23-0 1st quarter run into 7th win of season

January 9, 2019


Dr. Weiner's 3 things you should know about vaccines

January 8, 2020


Large, beautiful property on 63 Hildbolt Rd in Wellsboro

January 7, 2020


In 2019, six organizations were presented with a total of $2,500

January 6, 2020


This simple act can be free, yet rewarding beyond measure.

January 6, 2019


It's a new year, but can it be a new you?

January 1, 2020


Home Page Staff share their favorite features of 2019

December 26 - January 6, 2019


Merry Christmas and Happy New Year from all of us at HPN!

December 24 - 25, 2019


Mansfield Destroyers Hit It Out Of The Park!

December 23, 2019


A week of Home Page Network feature highlights!

December 21, 2019


Pastor Rhonda Spencer shares how she became cancer free!

December 20, 2019


New partnership to enhance long-term shareholder value

December 19, 2019


Mounties edged Wellsboro, 66-63, for 1st time since 2006-07

December 19, 2019


Chief Bodine presents safety tips for driving in bad weather

December 18, 2019


Communities celebrate wreath-laying ceremonies to honor vets

December 17, 2019


Holiday celebration features live reindeer, music, sales and more!

December 16, 2019


A week of Home Page Network feature highlights!

December 14, 2019


A beautiful property on 140 Hills Creek Drive

December 13, 2019


Canton Warriors score pair of wins over Mansfield, Liberty

December 12, 2019


Eleven employees recognized for a combined total of 100 years of service

December 11, 2019


Advice from Laurel Behavioral Health psychologist Jerry Cerrone

December 11, 2019


Local talent supports food pantries & homeless

December 10, 2019


Load More Stories